FIRST: ” A body continues in a state of rest or motion at constant speed in a straight line unless acted upon by an unbalanced external force.”
SECOND: “The applied force is equal to the rate of change of momentum of the body.” . A rather more modern interpretation is here. If cliff-diving appeals to you, watch this video. As long as you don’t scare easily…
the conveyor belt problem – if we are to keep a conveyor belt moving at a steady speed – for example in a coal mine where mass is being added to it all the time, we require a force to be applied to the conveyor belt.
THIRD: “For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction”
Think about a jet propulsion system. Thrust is a mechanical force which is generated through the reaction of accelerating a mass of gas, as explained by Newton 3. A gas or working fluid is accelerated to the rear and the engine and aircraft are accelerated in the opposite direction.
The force on the working fluid is equal and opposite to the force on the engine and aircraft.
Look here for a very easy walkthrough of all of Newton’s Laws. This is a particularly good treatment so you can work through the videos yourselves.