IB HL Medical Imaging – More Advanced Newer Techniques

I think it likely that they will ask for comparisons rather than specific detail.MRI is the only one not using X rays so patient dose is the important factor.

Physics and Chemistry for IG and A level

Image intensifier screens (fig I2.7) allow the production of an image changing in real time, which can be advantageous, particularly when used with high contrast material like Ba which shows the passage of barium sulphate through the gut, for example. It does, however, subject the patient to long exposure times, hence high radiation dose. Since the objective is to minimize this, we look elsewhere for more sophisticated techniques.

Faster computing in the 1970’s yielded CAT scanning (Computerised Axial Tomography) Tomos is Greek for ‘slice’ and the technique involves imaging a slice through the body by rotating digital detectors and emitters, before moving on to the next slice, consequently reducing exposure time. It is to X-rays what digital cameras are to photography. A brain scan takes less than a second to image. (see p705) Resolution (remember Rayleigh) has much improved over the last three decades and kidney stones less than 2mm…

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